The U.S. military intervention in Libya is an application of the American power broadly under the name of the human values to achieve its main interests in the Middle East and to maintain them.
The policy of the military intervention in Iraq was the reason for enabling a certain sectarian class to assume power, supporting the Cedar Revolution in Lebanon led to the promotion of the control of Hezbollah over the country, and pressuring Hamas led to winning the parliamentary elections in 2006. However, pressuring the Syrian regime kept it sticking to governance because it is stemming from the will of the people and it is an internal affair, so the U.S. administration has no right to intervene in this issue. The U.S. policy of hegemony and uniqueness upgraded the role of China and Russia and thus they played the role of facing the American hegemony projects.
The U.S. administration after re-electing Obama is awaiting new challenges at various levels; the economic, military and security ones. Some observers monitoring the American affairs estimate that the U.S. foreign policy regarding the hot issues in the world and the Middle East would remain stable, while others see that a more diplomatic policy regarding these issues would be adopted, especially that both Russia and China are playing a major role at the global level again, and that the Islamic Republic of Iran has reached the regional stage.
The features of Obama’s new team in the second term show that a change in the foreign policy would take place as follows:
- The Senator “John Kerry” was nominated for the position of the U.S. State Department, the Chairman of the Board of Information Systems in the White House “Chuck Hagel” was chosen for the position of a new Secretary of war as a successor to “Leon Panetta”, the White House adviser for combating terrorism “John Brennan” was assigned as the director of the Central Intelligence Agency instead of “David Petraeus”, who resigned after the disclosure of a moral scandal. Moreover, Obama stressed that the U.S. administration is in need for the two men “Haal and Brennan” in order to maintain its national security. Obama praised the professionalism of “Hagel and Brenna” saying that Hagel is the first military man to reach the position of a Minister of war. He also praised Brennan’s work in fighting against terrorism.
Yet, Hagel’s appointment was opposed by the Republicans for several reasons:
He does not show unconditional support for Israel according to his political positions, although after being appointed he asserted his absolute support for Israel, but yet he does not implement an Israeli policy or a hard-line policy related to our region.
He is known for his frankness and he was one of the opponents of the war on Iraq. He is also known that he is never enthusiastic to push the army into foreign conflicts, even if this was in favor of America. He adopts a policy of reducing the Pentagon’s expenses, and he objects the policy of the economic sanctions on Iran.
As for the appointment of Brennan, it indicates the following:
- He has extensive experience in the field of intelligence, for he has spent more than a quarter of a century in the agency.
- He spent four years in drafting the White House strategy for combating terrorism.
- He has experience in the Middle East affairs and he speaks the Arabic language.
Consequently, the appointment of Hagel and Brennan as seen by those observing the U.S. policy was carefully completed by Obama, so that to manage the next phase and to face what might be experienced by the United States of internal economic challenges and external challenges in issues relating to Iran and its nuclear program in addition to the Syrian crisis and the relationship with Russia and China.
Finally, we say that it is probable that the Obama administration during its second term might present a major deal with Iran to decide whether diplomacy could halt its nuclear program, and will delay the option of war until the expiry of its mandate, because it is a non-hostile and a non-combat administration. It is expected that the new administration would be preoccupied with the economic affairs so that to get out of the economic crisis faced by the United States of America. It is also possible to find it not having the same enthusiasm as during the first term to topple the Syrian regime, and might work to put an end to violence in Syria in cooperation with Russia, to take advantage of the opportunities for the resumption of talks between Israel and Palestine, and to establish a good relationship with the Islamic government in Egypt.